How to make API calls in Python using CLI

Created at 29-Aug-2023 , By samar

You can use the requests library in Python to make API requests, and you can create a script that accepts command-line arguments to specify the API URL.

1. Install the requests library if you haven't already.

2. Create a file named

3. Copy/Paste below code in

import argparse
import requests

def hit_api(api_url):
        response = requests.get(api_url)
        response.raise_for_status()  # Raise an exception for HTTP errors
        return response.text
    except requests.exceptions.RequestException as e:
        return f"An error occurred: {e}"

if __name__ == "__main__":
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="Hit an API using Python.")
    parser.add_argument("url", help="URL of the API to hit")

    args = parser.parse_args()
    api_url = args.url

    response_data = hit_api(api_url)

4.  Open a terminal and navigate to the directory containing the file.

5. Run the script with the API URL as an argument.


This script uses the argparse library to handle command-line arguments and the requests library to make the API request. It prints the response data from the API or an error message if the request fails.

You can extend this script by adding more features, such as handling different HTTP methods (e.g., POST, PUT), passing headers or request payloads, and handling authentication if required by the API.

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